Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology


Figure from experiment 18 from Earth Science with Vernier


More than 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Yet some cities and even countries do not always have enough fresh water to drink. How can this be? The answer is that most of the Earth’s water is undrinkable because it contains high concentrations of salts and other minerals. Water’s saltiness is referred to as its salinity. Ocean water has such a high salinity that we would actually become sick and dehydrated by drinking it. To make ocean water drinkable, the salts and minerals must be removed through a process called desalination.

One method of desalination is called distillation. Distillation involves heating the salty water so that it vaporizes. As the water vaporizes, it leaves the salt and other minerals behind. The water vapor is then cooled and condensed back into liquid water that is now much purer than it was before. This process is expensive because it requires a lot of energy to heat the water, but for some communities, clean water is worth the price.

In this experiment, you will first use a Conductivity Probe to measure the salinity of a sample of saltwater. You will distill the sample water by heating it and collecting the condensed vapor. The salinity of the condensed vapor will then be measured to determine the amount of salt removed.


In this experiment, you will

  • Use a Conductivity Probe to measure the salinity of water before and after desalination.
  • Distill saltwater.
  • Calculate the percent of salts removed from the sample.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Earth Science with Vernier »

Earth Science with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Introduction to Data Collection
2Exploring Magnetism
3Where IS North?
4Searching for Iron Ore
5Sea Floor Spreading
6Soil pH
7Soil Salinity
8Soil and Acid Rain
9Soil Temperature
13Total Dissolved Solids
14Water Treatment
15Salinity of Ocean Water
16Acid Rain and Its Effect on Surface Water
17Freezing of Ocean Water
19Mapping the Ocean Floor
20Are All Sunglasses Created Equal?
21Comparing Sunscreens
22UV Light and Clothing
23Reflection and Absorption of Light
24The Greenhouse Effect
25Land and Sea Breezes
26Relative Humidity
27Dew Point
28Wind Chill
29Seasons and Angle of Insolation
30Fossil Fuels
31Solar Homes
32Photovoltaic Cells
33Wind Power
P1Air Temperature
P2Air Temperature and Relative Humidity
P3Ground Temperature
P4Barometric Pressure
P5Measuring Particulates
P6Weather Stations

Experiment 18 from Earth Science with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Earth Science with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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Dev Reference: VST0119

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