 Vernier Software & Technology

# Newton's Second Law

## Introduction

Newton’s second law of motion describes the relationship among force, mass, and acceleration. In this activity, you will study the relationship between acceleration and mass, while keeping force constant. A cart carrying different masses will be pulled across a table by a hanging weight—the constant force. Acceleration will be measured using a Sensor Cart. You will plot a graph of acceleration versus total mass of the system, and then use the graph as you make conclusions about the relationship between mass and acceleration.

## Objectives

• Use a Sensor Cart and Graphical Analysis to determine acceleration.
• Record data.
• Graph data.
• Make conclusions about the relationship between mass and acceleration.

## Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

### Option 2

Graphical Analysis 4

## Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct® Sensor Cart

See other experiments from the lab book.

 1 Investigating Friction 2 Levers as Machines 3 Pulleys as Machines 4 Ramps as Machines 5 Getting Faster 6 Crash Test 7 Newton's Second Law

### Experiment 7 from Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct® Sensor Cart Lab Book #### Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

Dev Reference: VST0825